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Even though Malta is a relatively small Mediterranean island of just 320 square kilometres, it can boast of an enormous variety of floral species. Being able to enjoy all this biodiversity today does not automatically mean that our future generations will have the same privilege, even though it is their right! Do we have to wait till the last tree has been cut, the last flower has been picked, the last bird has been killed, the last fish has been caught, and the last bay has been polluted, to realise that we cannot eat money? I would like to point out that I am not a biologist, but simply a citizen who enjoys walking in our countryside, usually with my camera, so that I can share my encounters with you! 

The resolution of the images found in this webpage was reduced so as to facilitate the downloading process.

Large-flowered Mallow

Lavatera trimestris 

Hobbejża tal-warda kbira

Maltese Rock-Centaury

Cheirolophus crassifolius

widnet il-bahar

Brown Figwort

Scrophularia peregrina

nittiena

Sandarac Tree

Tetraclinis articulata

sigra tal-gharghar

Common Poppy

Papaver rhoeas

pepprin

Common Pyramidal Orchid

Anacamptis pyramidalis

orkida piramidali

African Tamarisk (Pink variety)

Tamarix africana

sigra tal-bruk

African Tamarisk (White variety)

Tamarix africana

sigra tal-bruk

Aleppo Pine

Pinus halepensis

sigra taz-znuber

Alexanders

Smyrnium olusatrum

karfus il-hmir

Almond Tree (Flower)

Prunus dulcis

lewz

Almond Tree (Fruit)

Prunus dulcis

lewz

American Agave

Agave americana

sabbara ta' l-amerika

Animated Oat

Avena sterilis

hafur kbir

Annual Daisy

Bellis annua

bebuna

Annual Mercury

Mercurialis annua

burikba

Autumn Buttercup

Ranunculus bullatus

cfolloq

Barbary Nut Iris

Gynandriris sisyrinchium

fjurdulis selvagg

Bear's Breeches

Acanthus mollis

hannewija

Bermuda Grass

Cynodon dactylon

nigem

Black Nightshade

Solanum nigrum

gheneb id-dib

Bladder Campion

Silene vulgaris

qasqejza

Blue Hound's Tongue

Cynoglossum creticum

lsien il-kelb

Blue Pimpernel

Anagallis arvensis

harira kahla

Blue Stonecrop

Sedum caeruleum

bezzul il-baqra

Blue-leaved Acacia

Acacia cyanophylia

gazzija

Boar Thistle

Galactites tomentosa

xewk abjad

Borage

Borago officinalis

fidloqqom

Bracket Fungus

Ganoderma sp

lixka

Bramble

Rubus ulmifolius

ghollieq

Branched Asphodel

Asphodelus aestivus

berwieq

Bristly Oxtongue

Pricris echioides

-

Bumble Bee Orchid

Ophrys bombyliflora

nahla

Bushy Restharrow

Ononis natrix ssp. ramosissima

broxka ta' ghawdex

Cape Sorrel

Oxalis pes-caprae

haxixa ingliza/qarsu

Caper

Capparis orientalis

kappara

Carob (Pods)

Ceratonia siliqua

sigra tal-harrub

Carob (Male flower)

Ceratonia siliqua

sigra tal-harrub

Castor Oil Tree

Ricinus communis

sigra tar-ricnu

Chaste Tree

Vitex agnus-castus

sigra tal-virgi

Common Cypress

Cupressus sempervirens

sigra tac-cipress

Clustered Carline Thistle

Carlina involucrata

sajtun

Common Heliotrope

Heliotropium europaeum

vanilja bajda

Common Kidney Vetch

Anthyllis vulneraria

silla tal-blat

Common Mallow

Malva sylvestris

hobbejza komuni

Cramp Balls

Daldinia concentrica

ballun tas-sigar

Cretan Mallow

Lavatera cretica

hobbejza wieqfa

Dwarf Broomrape

Orobanche muteli

budebbus ta' l-ingliza

Crown Daisy

Glebionis coronaria

lellux

Crown Daisy (Discolored variety)

Glebionis coronaria

lellux

Crisped St. John's-wort

Hypericum triquetrifolium

fexfiex tar-raba'

Thyme Rock Rose

Fumana thymifolia

cistu zghir

Dwarf Palm

Chamaerops humilis

gummar safrani

Dwarf Palm (fruit)

Chamaerops humilis

gummar safrani

Eastern Phagnalon

Phagnalon graecum ssp. ginzbergeri

lixka komuni

Edible Birdsfoot Trefoil

Lotus edulis

qrempuc

Evergreen Honeysuckle

Lonicera implexa

qarn il-moghza

Evergreen Oak

Quercus ilex

sigra tal-ballut

Fan-lipped Orchid

Orchis collina

orkida hamra

Cape Sorrel (doubled flowered)

Oxalis pes-caprae

haxixa ingliza/qarsu

Fennel

Foeniculum vulgare

buzbiez

Fennel (seed)

Foeniculum vulgare

buzbiez

Field Bindweed

Convolvulus arvensis

leblieb tar-raba'

Field Gladiolus

Gladiolus italicus

habb il-qamh

Fig Tree

Ficus carica

sigra tat-tin

Common Freesia

Freesia refracta

frizja

Giant Fennel

Ferula communis

ferla

Golden Dog's Tail

Lamarckia aurea

xkupilja

Golden Samphire

Inula crithmoides

xorbett

Grape Vine

Vitis vinifera

dielja

Great Reed

Arundo donax

qasba kbira

Greater Snapdragon

Antirrhinum tortuosum

papocci homor

Greater Thorn Apple

Datura innoxia

sigriet ir-rizzi

Ground Thistle

Atractylis gummifera

xewk tal-miskta

Hare's Tail Grass

Lagurus ovatus

denb il-liebru kbir

Hairy Garlic

Allium subhirsutum

tewm muswaf

Hairy Nightshade

Solanum villosum

tuffieh is-serp

Hare's Foot Plantain

Plantago lagopus

bizbula komuni

Hare's Tail Barley

Hordeum leporinum

nixxief komuni

Honeywort

Cerinthe major

qniepen

Hawthorn

Crataegus monogyna

zaghrun

Hawthorn

Crataegus monogyna

zaghrun

Yellow Horned Poppy

Glaucium flavum

pepprin isfar

Horn-of-Plenty

Fedia graciliflora

sieq il-hamiema

Horse Thistle

Notobasis syriaca

xewk tax-xitan

Hyssop Loosestrife

Lythrum hyssopifolia

litrum ta' l-ghadajjar

Italian Lords and Ladies (flower)

Arum italicum

GArni

Italian Lords and Ladies (leave)

Arum italicum

GArni

Italian Lords and Ladies (forming fruit - becomes red when ripe)

Arum italicum

GArni

Ivy

Hedera helix

liedna

Judas Tree

Cercis siliquastrum

sigra ta' guda

Large Blue Alkanet

Anchusa azures

lsien il-fart ikhal

Large Flowered Mallow

Lavatera trimestris

hobbejza tal-warda kbira

Large Star Of Bethlehem

Ornithogalum arabicum

halib it-tajr kbir

Large-leaved Stinging Nettle

Urtica dubia

hurrieq komuni

Late Narcissus

Narcissus serotinus

narcis imwahhar

Lentisk

Pistacia lentiscus

deru

Lesser Crystal Plant

Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum

kristallina komuni/kristallina tal-blat

Lesser White Clover

Trifolium nigrescens

xnien abjad

Maidenhair Fern

Adiantum capillus-veneris

tursin il-bir

Mallow Bindweed

Convolvulus althaeoides

leblieb roza

Maltese Cliff Orache

Cremnophyton lanfrancoi

bjanka ta' l-irdum

Maltese Fleabane

Chiliadenus bocconei

tulliera ta' malta

Maltese Pyramidal Orchid

Anacamptis urvilleana

orkida piramidali ta' malta

Maltese Salt Tree

Darniella melitensis

xebb

Maltese Sea Chamomile

Anthemis urvilleana

bebuna tal-bahar

Maltese Sea-Lavander

Limonium melitensis

limonju ta' malta

Maltese Spurge

Euphorbia melitensis

tenghud tax-xaghri

Marvel-of-Peru

Mirabilis jalapa

hummejr

Mediterranean Buckthorn

Rhamnus alaternus

alaternu

Mediterranean Thyme  (plant)

Coridothymus capitatus

saghtar

Mediterranean Thyme  (flower)

Coridothymus capitatus

saghtar

Mediterranean Meadow Saffron

Colchicum cupanii

busieq

Mediterranean Stocks

Matthiola tricuspidata

gizi tal-bahar

Mediterranean Stonecrop

Sedum sediforme

sedum

Mediterranean Sun-Rose

Fumana arabica

cistu isfar

Milk Thistle

Silybum marianum

xewk tal-madonna

Milk Thistle

Silybum marianum

xewk tal-madonna

Milk Vetch

Astragalus boeticus

kafe' messikan

Milk Vetch

Astragalus boeticus

kafe' messikan

French Daffodil

Narcissus tazetta

narcis

Olive Tree

Loea europaea

sigra taz-zebbug

Oleander (white variety)

Nerium oleander

Oljandru

Oleander (pink variety)

Nerium oleander

Oljandru

Olive-leaved Bindweed

Convolvulus oleifolius

leblieb tal-blat

Opium Poppy

Papaver setigerum

xahxieh vjola

Pale Bugloss

Echium italicum

ilsien il-fart abjad

Scarlet Pimpernel

Anagallis arvensis

harira hamra

Pennyroyal

Mentha pulegium

plejju

Perennial Wall Rocket

Diplotaxis tenuifolia

gargir isfar

Pine Spurge

Euphorbia pinea

tenghud komuni

Pitch Clover

Psoralea bituminosa

silla tal-moghoz

Pomegranate

Punica granatum

rummien

Pubescent St. John's-Wort

Hypericum pubescens

fexfiex sufi

Prickly pear (orange-flower variety)

Opuntia ficus-indica

bajtar tax-xewk

Prickly pear (yellow-flower variety)

Opuntia ficus-indica

bajtar tax-xewk

Pygmy Cudweed

Evax pygmaea

evaks

Bay Laurel

Laurus nobilis

sigra tar-rand

Red Campion

Silene colorata

lsien l-ghasfur

Rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis

klin

Rosy Garlic

Allium roseum

Tewm hamrani

Round-headed Club Rush

Holoschoenus vulgaris

simar tal-bocci

Sand Oyster Thistle

Scolymus hispanicus

xewk isfar tar-ramel

Sand Storksbill

Erodium laciniatum

miskta tar-ramel

Sand-Crocus

Romulea ramiflora

zaghfran tal-blat

Sea Squill

Urginea maritima

ghansar

Sea Daffodil (flower)

Pancratium maritimum

pankrazju

Sea Daffodil (plant with fruit)

Pancratium maritimum

pankrazju

Seaside Ox-Eye Daisy

Nauplius aquaticus

ghajn il-baqra tax-xatt

Sharp Rush

Juncus acutus

simar niggiez

Scrub Tobacco

Nicotiana glauca

tabakk tas-swar

Shrubby Kidney Vetch

Anthyllis hermanniae

hatba sewda

Shrubby Marigold

Calendula suffruticosa ssp. fulgida

suffejra kbira

Shrubby Orache

Atriplex halimus

bjanka

Sicilian Snapdragon

Antirrhinum siculum

papocci bajda

Sicilian Squill

Scilla sicula

ghansar ikhal

Silvery Ragwort

Senecio bicolor

kromb il-bahar isfar

Smooth Sow-Thistle

Sonchus oleraceus

tfief

South American Fleabane

Conyza bonariensis

zaghzigha salvagga

Southern Dwarf Iris

Iris pseudopumila

bellus

Southern Scabious

Scabiosa maritima

skabjoza

Southern Star of Bethlehem

Ornithogalum narbonense

halib it-tajr zghir

Southern Star Thistle

Centaurea nicaeensis

xewk ta' l-ghatba

Spiny Asparagus

Asparagus aphyllus

sprag xewwieki

Spiny Chicory

Cichorium spinosum

qanfuda

Spiny Ox-eye Daisy

Palienis spinosa

ghajn il-baqra xewwikija

Squirting Cucumber

Ecballium elaterium

faqqus il-hmir

Sticky Fleabane

Dittrichia viscosa

tulliera komuni

Sulla

Hedysarum coronarium

Silla

Sweet Alison

Lobularia maritima

buttuniera

Tassel Hyacinth

Muscari comosum

basal il-hniezer

Toothed Plantain

Plantago serraria

bizbula tas-snien

Tree Mallow

Lavatera arborea

hobbejza tas-sigra

Tree Spurge

Euphorbia dendroides

tenghud tas-sigra

Black Mulberry Tree

Morus nigra

sigra tat-tut

Glaucous Glasswort

Arthrocnemum macrostachyum

almeridja tal-blat

Wall Xanthoria

Xanthoria sp

ksantorja

Water Plantain

Alisma plantago-aquatica

bizbula ta' l-ilma

Wavy-leaved Mullein

Verbascum sinuatum

xatbet l-andar

White Hedge-nettle

Prasium majus

te sqalli

White Henbane

Hyoscyamus albus

mammazejza

White Mignonette

Reseda alba

denb il-haruf

White Mustard

Diplotaxis erucoides

gargir abjad

White Poplar

Populus alba

sigra tal-luq

Wild Artichoke

Cynara cardunculus

qaqocc tax-xewk

Wild Carrot

Daucus carota

zunnarija salvagga

Wild Leek

Allium commutatum

kurat salvagg

Wild Radish

Raphanus raphanistrum

ravanell salvagg

Winged Larkspur

Delphinium halteratum

siew il-hamiema vjola

Winged Pea

Lotus tetragonolobus

figgiela hamra

Wolfbane

Periploca angustifolia

sigra tal-harir

Woolly Safflower

Carthamus lanatus ssp. baeticus

xewk ta' kristu

Mediterranean Hartwort

Periploca angustifolia

haxixet it-trierah

Milky Orchid

Orchis conica

orkida tat-tikek

All photos taken in Malta by Aron Tanti.

Main references:

Wildlife of the Maltese Islands (1996) Sultana Joe & Falzon Victor ed., Gutenberg Press, Malta

The Maltese Countryside Volume 1 (2005) Bonett Guido & Joe Attard, P.E.G. Ltd., Malta

www.maltawildplants.com by Stephen Mifsud

 

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